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Closest Campings





Camping Hobby 3

Lehnweg 16, 3800 Interlaken Unterseen
Interlaken Unterseen, Berne
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Camping Lazy Rancho

Lehnweg 6, 3800 Unterseen-Interlaken
Interlaken, Berne
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Aareschlucht

Fuhren, 3862 Innertkirchen
Innertkirchen, Berne
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Seeblick

, 3806 Bönigen
Bönigen, Berne
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Sackgut

Brienzstrasse, 3800 Intrlaken Ost
Intrlaken Ost, Berne
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Camping Manor Farm

Manor Farm AG, CH-3800 Interlaken-Thunersee
Interlaken, Berne
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Camping Rendez-vous

H.R. Ryter - Hari 3718 Kandersteg
Kandersteg, Berne
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Grassi

CH-3714 Frutigen
Frutigen, Berne
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Lazy Rancho 4

Lehnweg 6, CH-3800 Interlaken
Interlaken, Berne
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History of Bern

Duke Berthold V of Zähringen founded the city on the River Aare in 1191 and allegedly named it after a bear (Bär in German) he had killed. It was made an Imperial Free City by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in 1218 after Berthold died without an heir.

In 1353 Berne joined the young Swiss Confederation, becoming a leading member of the new state. It invaded and conquered Aargau in 1415 and Vaud in 1536, as well as other smaller territories, thereby becoming the largest city-state north of the Alps. It was occupied by French troops in 1798 during the French Revolutionary Wars, when it was stripped of most of its territories. In 1831 the city became the capital of the Canton of Berne and in 1848 it additionally became the Swiss capital.

The city grew out towards the west of the boundaries of the peninsula formed by the river Aar. Initially, the Zytglogge tower marked the western boundary of the city from 1191 until 1256, when the Käfigturm took over this role until 1345, which, in turn, was then succeeded by the Christoffelturm (located close to today's train station) until 1622. During the time of the Thirty Years' War two new fortifications, the so-called big and small Schanze (entrenchment), were built to protect the whole area of the peninsula. The protection by these edifices was sufficient for the prosperous growth of the city of Berne up to the 19th century.


Modified: 2007-03-21 18:33:49+01
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bern

 


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