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Closest Campings





Camping Aschau

Karteis 24, A-5612 Hüttschlag
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Birkenstrand Am See

Schwand 18, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Kastenhof

Kastenhofweg 6, A-5600 St. Johann Im Pongau
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Lampenhäusl

Glocknerstraße 15, A-5672 Fusch Am Großglockner
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Mauterndorf

Ferienpark Schizentrum, A-5570 Mauterndorf
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Neunbrunnen Am Waldsee

Neunbrunnen 60, A-5751 Maishofen
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Nord Sam

Samstraße 22a, A-5023 Salzburg
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Campingpark Abersee

Reith 22, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Campingplatz Passrucker

Zauchenseestraße 341, A-5541 Altenmarkt
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Campingplatz Schloss Aigen

Campingplatz Schloss Aigen A-5026 Salzburg Schloss Aigen
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Campingplatz Vierthaler

Reitsam 8, A-5452 Pfarrwerfen
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Primusbauer

Schwand 43 Und Farchen 15, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Pub Gastein

Waggerlgasse 9, A-5640 Gastein
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Schönblick

Gschwendt 33, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Steinpaß

Niederland 17, A-5091 Unken
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Camping Wolfgangsee Lindenstrand

Gschwend 36, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Freizeitcamp Zell Am Wallersee

Zell Am Wallersee, A-5201 Seekirchen
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Gasthof + Camping Glemmerhof

Viehhofen 52, A-5752 Viehhofen
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Kurcamping Bertahof

Vorderschneeberg 15, A-5630 Bad Hofgastein
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Nationalpark Camping Andrelwirt

Dorfstraße 19, A-5661 Rauris
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Natur Camping Peterbauerhof

Lasa 50, A-5580 St. Andrä
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Naturcamping Stockham

See 5, A-5612 Hüttschlag
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Oberhasenberghof

Taxberg 56, A-5660 Taxenbach
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Panoramacamping Stadtblick

Rauchenbichlerstr. 21, A-5020 Salzburg
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Park Grubhof

St. Martin 39, A-5092 St. Martin Bei Lofer
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Seecamping Primus

Schwand 39, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Seecamping Wolfgangblick

Seestraße 24, A-5342 Abersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Seecamp Neumarkt Am Wallersee

Uferstraße 3, A-5202 Neumarkt Am Wallersee
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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S.n.p. Camping

Lahn Nr. 65, A-5742 Wald Im Pinzgau
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Sonnenterrassen Camping St. Veit

Bichlwirt 12, A-5620 St. Veit
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Sportcamp Woferlgut

Kroessenbachstr. 40, A-5671 Bruck/grossglockner
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Strandcamping Fenninger Spitz

Fenning 120, A-5302 Henndorf
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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Waldcamping Tamsweg

Mörtelsdorf 1, A-5580 Tamsweg
Salzburg, Salzburg area
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History of Salzburg

Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to the Neolithic Age; probably it was later a Celt camp. Starting from 15 BCE, the small communities were grouped into a single town, which was named by the Romans as Juvavum. A municipium, from 45 CE it became one of the most important cities in the province of Noricum. Juvavum declined sharply after the collapse of the Norican frontier, such that by the late 7th century it had become a "near ruin".

The Life of Saint Rupert credits the saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. 700, Rupert reconnoitred the river for the site of his basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor Piding. Rupert named the city "Salzberg", and then left to evangelize among the pagans.

The Festung Hohensalzburg, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 and expanded during the following centuries.

Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century.


Expulsion of the Protestants

On October 31, 1731, the 214th anniversary of Martin Luther's nailing of his 95 Theses to the Wittenberg School door, Roman Catholic Archbishop Count Leopold Anton von Firmian signed his Edict of Expulsion (not to be confused with many similar edicts of expulsion issued against the Jews in various cities in Europe), the Emigrationspatent, declaring that all Protestants recant their non-Catholic beliefs or be banished.

Archbishop von Firmian declared that it was to be read publicly November 11, 1731, the 248th anniversary of Luther's baptism. Believing that his edict would drive away a few hundred troublesome infidels in the hills around the town, Firmian was surprised when 21,475 citizens professed on a public list their Protestant beliefs.

Landowners were given three months to sell their lands and leave. Cattle, sheep, furniture and land all had to be dumped on the market, and the Salzburgers received little money from the well-to-do Catholic allies of Von Firmian. Von Firmian himself confiscated much of their land for his own family, and ordered all Protestant books and Bibles burned. Many children aged 12 and under were seized to be raised as Roman Catholics. Yet those who owned land benefitted from one key advantage: the three-month deadline delayed their departure until after the worst of winter.

Non-owner farmers, tradesmen, laborers and miners were given only 8 days to sell what they could and leave. The first refugees marched north through the Alps in desperately cold temperatures and snow storms, seeking shelter in the few cities of Germany controlled by Protestant Princes, while their children walked or rode on wooden wagons loaded with baggage.

As they went, the exiles' savings were quickly drained away as they were set upon by highwaymen, who seized taxes, tolls and payment for protection by soldiers from robbers.

The story of their plight spread quickly as their columns marched north. Goethe wrote the poem Hermann and Dorothea about the Salzburg exiles' march. Protestants and even some Catholics were horrified at the cruelty of their expulsion in winter, and the courage they had shown by not renouncing their faith. Slowly at first, they came upon towns that welcomed them and offered them aid. But there was no place where such a large number of refugees could settle.

Finally, in 1732 Lutheran King Frederick William I of Prussia accepted 12,000 Salzburger Protestant emigrants, who settled in areas of East Prussia that had been devastated by the plague twenty years before. Their new homelands were located in what today is northeastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Lithuania. Other, smaller groups made their way to the Banat region of modern Romania, to what is now Slovakia, to areas near Berlin and Hannover in Germany, and to the Netherlands. Another small group made its way to Debrecen (Hungary).

On March 12, 1734, a small group of about sixty exiles from Salzburg who had traveled to London arrived in the British American colony of Georgia seeking religious freedom. Later in that year, they were joined by a second group, and, by 1741, a total of approximately 150 of the Salzburg exiles had founded the town of Ebenezer on the Savannah River, about twenty-five miles north of the city of Savannah. Other German-speaking families – mostly Swiss Germans, Palatines and Swabians – also joined the Salzburgers at Ebenezer. In time, all of these Germanic people became known as "Salzburgers".

In 1772-1803, under archbishop Hieronymus von Colloredo, Salzburg was a centre of late Illuminism. In 1803, the archbishopric was secularized and handed over to Ferdinand III of Tuscany, former Grand Duke of Tuscany, and, two years later it was annexed to Austria together with Berchtesgaden. In 1810 it was returned to Bavaria, but after the Congress of Vienna (1816) it was again restored to Austria. In 1850 it became an independent territory of the Austrian crown.

20th century

In 1921, in an unofficial poll, 99% of citizens voted for annexion to Germany. On March 13, 1938, during the Anschluss, German troops occupied Salzburg; political opponents and Jewish citizens were subsequently arrested, and the synagogue was destroyed. Several POW camps for prisoners from the Soviet Union and other nations were organized in the area.

During World War II, Allied bombing destroyed 7,600 houses and killed 550 inhabitants. Although the town's bridges and the dome of the cathedral were demolished, much of its Baroque architecture remained intact. As a result, it is one of the few remaining examples of a town of its style. American troops entered Salzburg on May 5, 1945

In the city of Salzburg there were several DP Camps following World War II. Among these were Riedenburg, Camp Herzl (Franz-Josefs-Kaserne), Camp Mülln, Bet Bialik, Bet Trumpeldor, and New Palestine. Salzburg was the centre of the American-occupied area in Austria.

21st century

As of 2006, Salzburg's Jewish community consists of little more than 100 people. The synagogue at Lasserstrasse 8 is still the religious center.

On January 27, 2006, the 250th anniversary of the birth of Wolfgang Mozart, all 35 churches of Salzburg rang their bells a little after 8PM (local time) to celebrate the occasion.


Modified: 2007-02-11 15:50:06+01
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salzburg

 


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