Campervan vs Caravan vs Motorhome – it’s all about compromises

Campervan vs Caravan vs Motorhome – it’s all about compromises

It makes no difference to me whether you travel by Campervan or Caravan or Motorhome. Each alternative has its pros and cons, better said you are making different trade-offs.

“Caravanning is about compromises”

It’s up to you what compromises you are willing to make. In the following article I will talk about my own comparison between Campervan vs Caravan vs Motorhome.

Campervans and caravans both offer unique travel experiences. Campervans are compact, self-contained units that combine driving and living spaces, making them great for those who prefer a more mobile and spontaneous adventure. They provide the freedom to explore various locations without the hassle of towing. Caravans, on the other hand, are towed behind a vehicle and offer more spacious, customizable living quarters. They are perfect for those who value comfort and desire a home-away-from-home feel during their journeys. Your choice between a campervan and a caravan ultimately depends on your travel style and preferences, with campervans offering mobility and convenience, and caravans providing a more comfortable and spacious travel option.

Campervan vs Caravan - everything is possible


It wasn’t that long ago when motorhomes were quite a rarity in our country. When we came back from holiday, we often felt that they were as unpopular as red socks. Abroad, it was the exact opposite. Germans, Dutch, Italians, French. Caravanning has been going on for decades and it is as normal as a cottage, a cabin or a garden in our country.

Motorhomes are the most common way of caravanning. They are made using the chassis and cab of a truck such as a Fiat, Ford or Mercedes and the living area is made by a caravan factory.

Pros of motorhomes

They are relatively manoeuvrable, relatively easy to park and spacious enough. Motorhomes used to be quite short and handy. Over time, however, they are making them bigger and clumsier. I don’t know why. With a small car, it was necessary for the manufacturer to have thought well about every inch and millimeter of interior space. One thing had multiple functions. A folding bed. Fold out seating from a table and the like. Such older motorhomes were easily 5.5m in length and comfortably carried 5 people. Today, a motorhome designed for four people is at least 7m. And it’s quite a difference to park a 5.5m and a 7m car on a street somewhere in Spain.

Categories of motorhomes

Motorhomes are divided into 3 types: semi-integrated, integrated and alcoves.

Semi-integrated motorhomes

A semi-integrated motorhome has a classic metal cabin in the front. This cabin is passable to the rear of the caravan. The rear part is extended and made of ultra-light but strong polystyrene, which has quite good insulating properties. The surface of the polystyrene wall is either aluminium, fibreglass or plastic.

Integrated motorhomes

The integrated motorhome looks like a bus or a caravan from Breaking Bad. Therefore, it does not have a metal cabin in the front, but the whole caravan is made of polystyrene. This has its huge advantages but also huge disadvantages. The advantages certainly include the interior space and the insulating properties of the one-piece polystyrene body. The disadvantages include the higher cost and expensive repair in the event of an accident, or even just replacing a substandard windshield when cracked by a mere pebble, and the drivability.

Alcove motorhomes

Alcoves are in some ways similar to semi-integrated motorhomes. An alcove car has a sleeping area above the cab, mostly for two people. The disadvantages of an alcove are the rather high height, the driving characteristics and the higher consumption when travelling.

Motorhome chassis

In Europe, almost all motorhomes are currently built on Fiats. It’s a relatively inexpensive base. You can get service anywhere and spare parts are in stock. Apart from Fiat, you can also caravan in a Ford, Mercedes, Iveco or Renault. More luxurious integrated motorhomes use trucks like Man or Iveco as their base. Motorhomes are also produced on the Volkswagen Crafter.

Personally, we have many years of experience with the Fiat Ducato and VW Transporter

“Driving a Volkswagen is several grades better, more comfortable and especially quieter than driving a Fiat. However, I don’t think the Volkswagen is a better quality and less perishable car than the Fiat.”

Premium brands are also made on Mercedes, but I’ve never owned one and so can’t comment on that. However, the cockpit interior on the Mercedes does resemble a 60k car, the cockpit in the Fiat certainly does not.

Mercedes or Fiat motorhome?

Spare parts and service is obviously cheaper on a Fiat than on a Volkswagen or Mercedes.

Caravan Fiats are geared to slow from the factory, so at highway speeds the engine and the whole cabin hums quite a bit. Travelling in a Ducat is certainly not the same as travelling in an X5..

Mercedes motorhomes are almost all made with automatic transmissions. I’ve also encountered a usable automatic on Fords as well.

Motorhome length ranges from about 5.5m to about 10m. The most standard width is 2.3m. There are also compact models with a width of about 2.1m, which are easier to park and also to drive. However, the narrowed width is at the expense of interior space.

The height of the caravan ranges from 2.6m to 3.2m, so special care should be taken with low driveways or tree branches.

Length, width and ultimately type are still about certain compromises. Every motorhome owner travels differently, goes to different places and has different requirements. That’s why there are not 1000 but 1200 models.

Whether you opt for a Fiat, Ford, Renault, Iveco Mercedes or Volkwagen is up to you. Each make and model has its pros and cons and each caravanner has different expectations of a caravan.

We, after four years of travelling with a semi-integrated Knaus on a Fiat, decided to make a change. We chose a camper van on a Volkswagen Transporter. It’s smaller, more manoeuvrable, more comfortable and it’s a four-wheeler. It’s almost as easy to drive and park as an SUV, but the downside is less interior space.

Camper van

Vanlife is breaking the internets with the advent of Instagram. The vans are small, stackable and handy. Every brand already has a number of camper vans on offer. In the past, campervans without built-in showers were called campervans. The most widespread were from Westfalia at Volkswagen.

A couple of years ago, the Fiat Ducato camper vans started to proliferate quite considerably. Campervan vs Caravan battle can begin. The Fiat is made in 4 sizes, from 5m to 6.4m. Different heights are also available. Some companies also make camper vans on Mercedes, Renault, Peugeot or Citroen.

When considering the choice between a campervan vs caravan, cost and space are key factors. Campervans tend to be pricier than caravans, but they provide unparalleled freedom when it comes to traveling and parking. Their compact size and integrated living quarters make them ideal for on-the-go explorers who value mobility. On the flip side, caravans offer significantly more living space, making them a top choice for those who prioritize comfort and a home-like experience while on the road. Ultimately, the decision depends on your budget and the kind of adventure you seek, whether it’s the convenience of a campervan or the roominess of a caravan.

In general, we can divide camper vans into 2 types: smaller vans without bathroom, or campervans, and larger vans with bathroom.

Small camper vans

Small Campervans are the mainly vans such as the VW California, Mercedes Marco Polo or Pössl Campster. These 3 models have a lifting canvas roof and are among the greatest classics of camper vans. They drive almost like SUVs, park almost like SUVs, are quiet and practical for everyday use.

“If I didn’t have a station wagon and only had to own one car, I’d buy a California or a Marco Polo”

Campervans can also have a fixed raised roof. The latter has its advantages and disadvantages. Advantages certainly include excellent sound and thermal insulation and plenty of interior space when camping. Examples of such vans are the Westfalia Nugget, Westfalia Club Joker, Fischer Reisemobile and other smaller brands.

The bed in a campervan is usually the length of the car, it can sleep a person who is over 190cm. This is one of the reasons why we bought the Westfalia Club Joker, the bed is even 210cm, which is really rare in campervans.

Campervans with bathroom

Campervans with bathroom are such scaled down campervans. Everything is smaller in them. The bathroom is smaller, the bed is smaller, the kitchen is smaller, and you don’t really walk around inside. They are 90% built on the aforementioned Fiat Ducato. Thanks to the fiat, they come out cheaper than the Campervans. Driving characteristics, whether comfort or noise are significantly worse than the Campervans. On the other hand, they are more practical due to their size and have more storage space.

When it comes to the Campervan vs Caravan debate, camper vans with showers offer the best of both worlds in a compact space. They provide all the amenities and conveniences you’d find in a caravan, but in a smaller, more nimble package. With a camper van, you have the freedom to travel more easily, as there’s no need to tow a separate unit. The addition of a shower in a camper van ensures that you can enjoy a comfortable and convenient traveling experience, making it a popular choice for those who value mobility and all the comforts of home in a smaller, more manageable space.

The bed in campervans is usually the width of the van. If you’re over 190 cm, you won’t sleep on it. You just won’t fit the length. On the longest van, the Fiat Ducato, which is 6.4m long, they also make interior versions with beds the length of the van. For one year Knaus also made a 6m van with longitudinal beds.

“It is therefore ideal to see the van in person and test it out.”

Choice between a Campervan vs caravan is always a matter of compromise

As I’ve written before with motorhomes – it’s all about compromises and owner preference. There is no better or worse type of motorhome. The choice between a motorhome vs caravan vs campervan is always a matter of compromise because every traveler has unique needs and preferences. Whether you’re a small family seeking convenience or a large one in need of extra space, or your destinations vary from scenic spots to remote getaways, there’s no one-size-fits-all solution. Campervans offer mobility and flexibility, making them ideal for the adventurous, while caravans provide roomy comfort, catering to those who prioritize homey luxuries on the road. Ultimately, the decision comes down to striking a balance that suits your individual requirements and aligns with the diverse experiences you seek.

Caravan trailer

A caravan is, simplistically, a huge motorhome behind a car. Inside a caravan is everything that is in a motorhome. That is, except for a cab to drive in. And that removable cab is why people either want a motorhome or they don’t. Basically, a motorhome has a lot of advantages and a lot of disadvantages. It’s about 50/50.

The advantage of a motorhome is that you travel in the comfort of your car. Your car is available for trips after you park the trailer. Caravans are also much cheaper than motorhomes.

The downside of a trailer is that you’ll only drive the trailer to the campsite, the maximum cruising speed is up to 100km/h and you won’t park it anywhere. Driving a car with a motorhome is definitely more strenuous than travelling in a campervan. The trailer is wide and together with the car you measure about 10 metres. You have to be very careful about crosswinds and especially where you turn.

Traveling and sleeping in caravan

I don’t think I’ve ever seen anyone with a motorhome sleep anywhere other than a campsite. So if you buy or rent a trailer, you’re very likely going to want to go to the campground every night to unpark. The total “camping” of a trailer usually takes longer than just parking a camper or van. That’s why people with RVs stay in one spot for days.

The trailer classics certainly include the luxurious American Airstream, but it is priced above the cost of a standard motorhome. Almost all European brands of caravan manufacturers such as Hymer, Knaus, Hobby or Adria also offer motorhomes. There are also caravan companies that explicitly specialise only in the manufacture of caravans. These include Fendt, T@B or the aforementioned Airstream.

Although this manual is mainly aimed at motorhomes and camper vans, much of the following information can also be used when buying, renting or travelling with a motorhome.

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